这是一个理想主义者的婚姻故事

Continue to focus on women and social topics, even more daring and brave
than wrestling dad. Although the process is full of routines and
vulgarity, but to see the end is still moved to not, the key people
still understand how to be incessant at the appropriate time. About the
dream, and the awakening of women against domestic violence

GRE阅读zhen题全解系列之十五

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Feminist scholars have tended to regard women in the nineteenth-century
United States who elected to remain single as champions of women’s
autonomy and as critics of marriage as an oppressive institution.
Indeed, many nineteenth-century American women who participated in
reform movements or who distinguished themselves as writers and
professionals were single. Yet this view of single women tends to
distort the meaning of their choices. The nineteenth century saw the
elevation of marriage for love as a spiritual ideal. Consequently, it
became socially acceptable for women not to marry if such an ideal
marriage could not be realized with an available suitor. Thus, many
women’s choice to remain single reflected not a negative view of
marriage but a highly idealistic one.

  1. The author of the passage implies that many nineteenth-century
    American women chose to remain single because they

A. believed that marriage required them to give up much of their
autonomy

B. had attitudes toward marriage that were influenced by contemporary
reform movements

C. wanted to take advantage of increasing opportunities to distinguish
themselves as professionals

D. doubted that their own marriage would live up to their notion of what
a marriage ought to be

E. had a negative view of marriage fostered by a change in social
attitudes during the nineteenth century

澳门新莆京手机网站,Consider each of the choices separately and select all that apply.

  1. The author of the passage suggests that the feminist scholars
    mentioned in the first sentence distort the meaning of certain
    nineteenth-century American women’s choices by

A. ascribing those choices to a particular attitude toward marriage

B. ignoring evidence about single women’s motives for becoming writers
or professionals

C. overestimating the number of nineteenth-century American women who
were single by choice.

————————请先做题哦,我是心灵鸡汤分割线——————————

这个俗世中的事情是渺小琐屑的,我们之所以决定还要在其中活下去,是因为它尚有值得研究的地方。

塞涅卡,《自然问题》

———————————我是解析分割线—————————————

答案:1, D 2,A

  1. The author of the passage implies that many nineteenth-century
    American women chose to remain single because they

A. believed that marriage required them to give up much of their
autonomy

B. had attitudes toward marriage that were influenced by contemporary
reform movements

C. wanted to take advantage of increasing opportunities to distinguish
themselves as professionals

D. doubted that their own marriage would live up to their notion of what
a marriage ought to be

E. had a negative view of marriage fostered by a change in social
attitudes during the nineteenth century

题目问作者暗示很多十九世纪美国女性选择单身是因为他们怎么了。

注意这里问的是作者的想法。所以前两句被作者批判的一些学者的想法就不用考虑了。

答案在倒数第二、三句。

The nineteenth century saw the elevation of marriage for love as a
spiritual ideal. Consequently, it became socially acceptable for women
not to marry if such an ideal marriage could not be realized with an
available suitor.

十九世纪有一种想法是把婚姻看做精神理想,所以如果不能找到合适伴侣来实现这种理想,不结婚也是可接受的。因此答案是D,当时女性不确定自己的婚姻能否符合对理想婚姻的期待,所以就单身了。

Consider each of the choices separately and select all that apply.

  1. The author of the passage suggests that the feminist scholars
    mentioned in the first sentence distort the meaning of certain
    nineteenth-century American women’s choices by

A. ascribing those choices to a particular attitude toward marriage

B. ignoring evidence about single women’s motives for becoming writers
or professionals

C. overestimating the number of nineteenth-century American women who
were single by choice.

题目问文章作者觉得那些女权学者怎样扭曲了那些女性选择的意义。

A把那些原则归因于某种对婚姻的态度。第一句话讲到那些人觉得单身女性支持女性的自主,单身女性批判婚姻是压迫制度。也就是说那些人觉得这种态度就是女性选择单身的原因。作者提出了另外的原因,也就是说那些学者被作者批评在于他们错误归因了。所以A符合题目要求。

B忽视了关于单身女性成为作家或者专业人士的动机的证据。没说他们忽视了。

C高估了数量。跟数量没关系。

译文和逻辑分析

Feminist scholars have tended to regard women in the nineteenth-century
United States who elected to remain single as champions of women’s
autonomy and as critics of marriage as an oppressive institution.
Indeed, many nineteenth-century American women who participated in
reform movements or who distinguished themselves as writers and
professionals were single. Yet this view of single women tends to
distort the meaning of their choices. The nineteenth century saw the
elevation of marriage for love as a spiritual ideal. Consequently, it
became socially acceptable for women not to marry if such an ideal
marriage could not be realized with an available suitor. Thus, many
women’s choice to remain single reflected not a negative view of
marriage but a highly idealistic one.

女权学者倾向于把十九世纪选择单身的女性看作是女性自主的支持者,同时是把婚姻当成压迫制度的批判者。确实,很多参与改革运动或者因作家或专家身份而杰出的十九世纪女性都是单身。但是这种关于单身女性的观点容易扭曲她们选择的意义。十九世纪有一种想法是把婚姻看做精神理想,所以如果不能找到合适伴侣来实现这种理想,不结婚也是可接受的。因此,很多女性选择单身,反映的不是对婚姻的负面看法,而是高度理想化的看法。

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